Cardiovascular medicine requires experience
Also referred to as a “coronary angiogram”. This procedure evaluates the arteries of the heart for blockages or plaque buildup that impedes blood flow. It also measures pressure measurements and can evaluate heart function and valve function. It is performed in the hospital’s Cath Lab where catheters are inserted into the femoral artery in the leg or the radial artery in the wrist, and are used to track up to
Performed in the same way as a cardiac catheterization described above, this is a procedure by which a blockage in an artery supplying the heart can be opened up. This is done by the use of various catheters, wires, and small inflatable balloons that are delivered to the heart through tubes inserted into the artery of the leg or the wrist. A stent is a small metal tube that provides
A peripheral angiogram is a way to look for blockages in the arteries supplying the legs in people with peripheral arterial disease. This is usually done by inserting a small tube (like a large IV) into the artery of the leg, and injecting contrast dye and use X-ray imaging to get images of the blood vessels. If a blockage is found, this can be fixed in the same manner using
A procedure performed to evaluate the presence of blockages and plaque buildup in the carotid arteries in the neck that supply blood flow to the brain. Plaque buildup in this artery can lead to a stroke. Usually an ultrasound exam result will suggest a blockage that will lead to this test. If a severe blockage is found, it can be fixed by surgery, or in some cases, by inserting a
A procedure to open up a blockage of the arteries that supply the kidneys (the renal arteries). This is done by using catheters, balloons, and stents similar to other peripheral angioplasty procedures. This is usually performed in situations when there are severe blockages of the renal arteries in patients with uncontrolled blood pressures.
Mesenteric arteries are the blood vessels that supply blood to the intestines, particularly the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). In rare cases, there can be a severe blockage in the SMA that lead to significant pain and weight loss. If indicated, this can be fixed by inserting a stent to open up the blockage. This procedure is also done through catheters introduced into the arteries of the leg or the arm
Transcatheter Aortic Valve replacement is a newer, minimally invasive procedure used to treat aortic valve stenosis. Currently approved for those very high risk for a traditional open operation, it allows us to replace the aortic valve without open heart surgery. The procedure is done with a special bovine bioprosthetic valve that is crimped on a catheter, which can be introduced into the body through large catheters inserted into the femoral
A Pacemaker is usually required when there are problems with slow heart rates and abnormal heart rhythms, or other diseases affecting the electrical conduction of the heart. These can lead to symptoms such as dizziness, passing out, and weakness. It is performed under IV sedation and local anesthesia, and it involves a small incision usually in the upper left chest, through which the pacemaker is placed beneath the skin.
An Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator, or ICD, is a device that is similar to a pacemaker but also carries the ability to deliver an electric shock to the heart in the event of a life-threatening rapid heart rhythm to “reset” the heart back to normal. It is indicated in specific patients with weak heart muscles that put them at risk for such heart rhythms. It is inserted just like a pacemaker,
This procedure is indicated for patients who have symptoms of heart failure and abnormal contraction of heart. These are special type of implantable pacemakers or defibrillators that have an extra lead implanted through a vein in the back of the heart. This extra lead will pace the left side of the heart to synchronize right and left side of the heart. This can lead to significant improvement in pumping capacity
An Electrophysiology Study (or EP Study) is an electrical study of the heart from the inside. It aids in the diagnosis of problems involving the electrical conduction system of the heart, and for the evaluation of abnormal heart rhythms. It involves inserting catheters through the veins in the groin that track up into the heart under X-ray guidance where they take sensitive electrical recordings from the heart’s conduction system. Your
A procedure to eliminate an abnormal rapid heart rhythm. These rapid heart rhythms can include SVT’s or VT’s depending on where they arise in the heart. They are often caused by an abnormal “electrical circuit” in the heart that arises from a scar or extra electrical fibers. Using catheters inserted into the groin and up to the heart, these areas can be precisely located and cauterized by special catheters that
Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia we see in patients. Its treatment usually involves medications and blood thinners. Additionally, some patients are candidates for a special ablation procedure where a part of left upper chamber of the heart is electrically isolated from the rest of the heart. This involves catheters introduced into the heart through the veins of the groin that apply heat/cold and cauterize a part of the
This is a procedure to extract the pacemaker or defibrillator leads from the heart. Usual reasons to do this procedure are due to infections in the heart or malfunction of the leads. This procedure is done under sedation or general anesthesia and device is accessed via the previous scar. Extraction procedure is done with the help of special Laser extraction device and involves removing the whole pacemaker or ICD system.
Implantable loop recorders are small heart rhythm recording devices that are implanted under the chest wall next to the breast bone. They are usually done to record abnormal heart rhythms that cannot be caught on external wearable recorders due to low frequency of occurrence. ILRs can be useful for patients who experience symptoms such as syncope (fainting), seizures, recurrent palpitations, lightheadedness, or dizziness. Battery lives for these devices are 2-3
This procedure is done for patients with abnormal fast heart rhythms and most commonly atrial fibrillation. This is a same day procedure and is done under sedation. Once sedated a small electrical shock is delivered to the heart to ‘reset’ the heart to a normal rhythm.